- An opposition is filed in the Trademark Trial and Appeal Board (TTAB), meaning that a third-party legally believes that they will be damaged by the mark’s registration. Owners of federal registrations and common-law trademarks are permitted to file Notices of Opposition.
- An Extension of Time to Oppose is filed, meaning that a third-party believes that they might be damaged by the mark’s registration and they would like additional time to assess the potential for harm, thereby requesting an additional, 30, 60 or even longer window to file a full Opposition in the Trademark Trial and Appeal Board (TTAB).
- Nothing happens, or in other words, no extension or time to oppose, and no opposition, has been filed. When this occurs, use-based application applications based on actual use of the mark in commerce will be issued certificate of registration. Intent to Use (ITU) applications will be a Notice of Allowance.