What are my rights as a trademark owner once my registration is issued?As a trademark owner, once your registration is issued, you enjoy certain legal benefits and advantages with respect to your registered trademark, although the exact scope of your rights may vary. Here are some key advantages of trademark registration on the Principal Register and/or the Supplemental Register:
Comprehensive U.S. ProtectionA trademark registered on the Principal Register enjoys nationwide, exclusive rights to use the mark for the goods or services specified in the registration, and is presumed to be valid and enforceable. The legal presumption of exclusive nationwide rights means that you can prevent others from using a similar mark for similar goods or services, thereby strengthening your brand’s identity and market presence. Owning a principal registration, therefore, makes it easier to enforce your trademark rights in court and can be a powerful tool in protecting your brand against potential infringement and counterfeiting. Registration on the Supplemental Register does not confer the same level of exclusive rights as a mark registered on the Principal Register but still offers legal protections, even if slightly limited. For instance, regardless of the register, owning a registration establishes your priority of use in connection with the registered mark and allows you to be cited by a USPTO examining attorney as the basis for denying a later-filed application to register a confusingly similar mark for related goods or services.
Use of the ® SymbolOnce your trademark is registered on either register, you are entitled to use the ® symbol, which signifies that your mark is a registered trademark. This can help establish your brand’s credibility and professionalism, and deter others from using a similar mark.
Enhanced Remedies and DamagesRegistration on the Principal Register allows trademark owners to seek enhanced remedies and damages in cases of trademark infringement and also bring claims of unfair competition. This means the potential for monetary damages, recovery of profits, and statutory damages, which can serve as a strong deterrent against unauthorized use of your trademark. Trademarks registered on the Supplemental Register do not enjoy the same access to enhanced remedies but they can still serve as evidence for establishing prior rights and potential damages in an action for trademark infringement.
Public Notice and CredibilityRegistration of your trademark on either register makes your trademark information publicly available in the USPTO’s trademark database, providing notice to others of your claimed rights and enhancing your brand’s credibility by showing that you have taken steps to protect your trademark through formal registration. Registration on the Supplemental Register does not provide the same level of public notice, as those marks are not published in the Trademark Official Gazette, and may not carry the same weight in enforcing trademark rights but it can still potentially deter third parties from infringement or adopting a similar mark.
Customs EnforcementTrademark registration on both the Principal Register and the Supplemental Register allows you to record your trademark with the U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP). This can help prevent the importation of counterfeit goods into the U.S. and protect against unauthorized uses of your brand.
International ProtectionRegistrations on either register give trademark owners the ability to seek registration of their trademarks in foreign countries that offer reciprocal trademark protection. This can be beneficial if you plan to expand your business internationally and seek trademark protection in other countries.
Business OpportunitiesTrademark registration on both the Principal Register and the Supplemental Register can open up business opportunities, such as licensing, franchising, and expansion into new markets. Whether on the Principal or Supplemental Register, registered trademarks are valuable assets that can enhance your brand’s reputation and create lucrative revenue streams.
Simplified Domain Name Dispute ResolutionTrademark registration on both the Principal Register and the Supplemental Register can simplify the resolution of domain name disputes through the Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy (UDRP), providing trademark owners with additional protection against cybersquatting and domain name hijacking. It is important to note that your rights as a trademark owner are subject to certain limitations and exceptions. For example, your trademark rights may not extend to uses that are considered ‘fair use’ or that do not create a likelihood of confusion with your trademark. Additionally, your trademark rights may be challenged or invalidated if your trademark is found to be descriptive, generic, or otherwise ineligible for protection.
How long does a trademark registration last?A trademark registration in the United States initially lasts for 10 years from the date of registration. However, the registration can be renewed indefinitely as long as the mark is still being used in commerce and appropriate steps are taken to comply with statutory maintenance requirements. A trademark registration first requires maintenance action between the fifth and sixth years after it is issued. In most cases, this involves filing a Declaration of Use with the USPTO. A Declaration of Use must include a sworn statement that the mark is being used in commerce in connection with all of the registered goods and/or services and new specimens showing how the mark is being used for each class of goods or services in the registration. If the registered mark is not currently being used in connection with all of the registered goods and services at the first maintenance interval, it may still be possible to preserve the registration by filing a Section 8 Declaration of Excusable Nonuse, provided that the nonuse is due to special circumstances and is not the result of any intention to abandon the mark. Subsequent renewal steps must be taken every ten years thereafter to keep the registration active. Failure to timely file any of the required maintenance paperwork can result in cancellation of the registration. It’s important for trademark owners to stay vigilant and aware of maintenance timelines so that they can take appropriate action to preserve their trademark registrations.
Can I make changes to my trademark registration after it has been issued?Yes, it is possible to make changes to your trademark registration after it has been issued. However, the type of changes that can be made, and the process for making those changes, may depend on the specific laws and regulations governing trademarks in your jurisdiction. In general, some of the changes that can be made to a trademark registration include:
- Changing the owner or applicant of the trademark
- Changing the goods or services associated with the trademark
- Adding or removing a trademark design element
- Correcting errors in the registration